Access to Higher Ed
A to Z of Indian Age of Authoritarian Democracy Communication Effect Communication Skills A Vehicle On The Road Corporate Governance Investing in the Emerging Daily Politics Blog How to Find Democracy at Its Best E Governance Election of the President of Pakistan Five Tips For the Best Queen Friendship and Politics Can They Mix Government Bids Top 10 Tips Government Contract Proposal Writing Tips Handle the Argumentative Communicator and Difficult How Ancient Greek Democracy Worked How Does a Bee Become the Queen If President Obama Were My Patient Ignoring Importance Of Communication Is A Direct Importance of an Effective Community Relations Introduction and Brief History Is President Obama Channeling President Richard Issues Which Are Plaguing Local Self Government In New Jersey Monkey Cage Democracy Moving to Queens New York O P Bhatnagar A Poet Perestroika and Democracy in Russia Political Discourse and Participatory Politics The Ugliest Fascination on Earth Post capitalist Free Market Economy President Barack Obama Must President Bush and Pyramid Numerology Problems In Managing Government Purim Why Did the Womanizer Queen Bee Rearing Queen Hatshepsut Egypts Queen Queen Honeybees Are Made Not Born Queens of Amsterdam Quest for Democracy in Ethiopia Secrets to Becoming a Master Serious Defects in Modern Democracy Seven American Presidents Have Uranus Six Myths of Effective Communication The 2008 Election Results Dysfunctional The Art of Communicating The Government GIP The History of Cornish Independence The Meaning Of Queen The Pope And The President The Role of Government The Significance of the Queen The Top Five US Presidents Top 10 US Presidents True Democracy US Government Sales Marketing US Presidents That Went to Harvard Understanding the Communication Process The Key to Organisational What Is The Best Suitable What is Political Science Where Now For European Why Workplace Politics Charts the Path
5 Major Benefits of Leasing A Basic Guide To Generating Revenue Apartment Property Management Audi Business Leasing Automated Recoveries Key Can Property Management Make a Finance Difference Commercial Agents Sales Presentation Commercial Property Management Commercial Property Contract Hire Information Do You Need Property Management Does Employee Leasing Make Sense Dubai Property Management Employee Leasing Lover Employment Leasing HR Management Expediter Truck Service Financial Analysis for Workplace Lease Five Considerations of Hiring Property For Property Management Jobs Freehold And Leasehold Property Government Bidding Glossary (pt 1 2) Green Car Scheme How Property Owners Benefit How To Break Apartment Lease How To Evaluate Management Software Importance of Lease Abstraction Internet Based Lease Accounting Is Pre-Pack Administration Right for Finance Lease Administration Software Lease Management Software Lease Or Get Property Lease Your Next Car or Fleet Leasing Office Equipment Leasing Software And Fleet Management Let The Property Management Do the Job Make Finding a Property Easier Make Finding a Property Management Company Make Property Management Effective Oklahoma City Property Management Companies Property Management Company for Business Property Management Fees Explained Property Management on the Rise Renegotiating a Commercial Lease Shopping for a Property Tenants Obligations Under Commercial Property The Best Atlanta Apartments The Evolution Of Property Top 9 Questions to Ask Uncover Which Property Management Jobs Waterloo Property Management What Is Staff Leasing What Type Of Property Owners Look For What You Will Get From Property Why It's Important to Get Property Why You Need Property Managers orleans Property Management Company Why You Should Hire Manager Workflow Automation In The Leasing Empirian property management - Law
Democracy at Its Best - The Swiss Style
'Government of the people, by the people and for the people', it was Lincoln on democracy. The democracy that he defined prevails in his mother country, US. Thanks to the US constitution which plays the balancing act between the three premiere institutions of democracy, the legislature, the executive and the judiciary in the US with a series of powers given to these institutions to control each other, known as 'checks and balances'. Though the President of US is said to be elected directly by the people of US, it is an electoral college that ultimately decides who is to become the President. Election to the upper house, meant for the Senates is held once in two years; similarly members to the House of Representatives are elected by the people periodically. The democracy that prevails in the US is an indirect form of democracy through the elected representatives of the people.
In India, considered to be the largest democracy of the world with a population of more than 120 million, people are delegating their power to their representatives through the election process. The elected members are sometimes participating in the voice voting and in rare cases involving important issues as well as electing the President or the Vice President of India they exercise their vote in a secret ballot. Though illiteracy plays its havoc in having a healthy democracy in India, by and large, it is successful.
Despite the success of democracy, still you cannot say that democracy is at its best in these countries. If you make a sincere search among the democratic countries in Europe, you can come across a small country namely Switzerland, where democracy is at its best. It is the constitution of Switzerland that has provisions ensuring the direct democracy in Switzerland. It is the only country where the direct democracy prevails in which people have the last word on fundamental issues. In this political system called 'direct democracy', people are allowed to make legislative and constitutional changes directly.
The direct democracy that prevails in Switzerland differs from the representative democracy of the US or India, where people delegate power to the elected representatives. But the Swiss political system has both the elements of direct democracy and parliament and so it is referred to as the semi-direct democracy.
From the Federal Assembly, seven members are elected as federal council members through an indirect system of election by the Federal Assembly members. One of these Federal Council members holds his post as the President of Switzerland by rotation for one year. This system of electing the President of Switzerland from one among the federal councilors is an indirect method of democracy. When you compare the system of indirect election of presidents of US or India, the Swiss system is the best, besides being very simple, less cumbersome and without any scope for corruption. In a democracy, if a person holds power for a longer term in office there is more scope for misuse and corruption; after all power corrupts power and absolute power corrupts absolutely.
In the direct democracy that prevails in Switzerland, a Swiss citizen votes several times on policy issues at the Federal, Cantonal and Communal levels.
After the formation of Swiss federation in the year 1848, for nearly 120 years, the women did not have any political rights. Only limited number of people took part in the direct democracy. Only in the 1960s, voting rights were extended to others. In the year 1971, an all-men federal assembly extended the full fledged political rights to women.
Every Swiss citizen who has completed the age of 18 is eligible to participate in the direct democratic process, whether he or she is Switzerland or in the abroad. A Swiss canton has been even more liberal by extending the right to vote to its citizens who have attained the age of 16.After 2005, almost 50 % of the Swiss citizens are taking part in the direct democratic process.
In Switzerland, elections are held by secret ballot and organized by the communes, which automatically register their citizens of voting age within their jurisdiction. A large majority of Swiss people hand-mark their ballot papers and send them by mail. Each canton also conducts the first tests of voting through Internet or through mobile phone at a local level of a commune. Before the commencement of the voting process each canton sends its voters the details of the issue on which voting is going to take place, the merits and demerits of voting for and against the issue etc.
In the direct democracy that prevails in Switzerland, the main instruments of it are called peoples initiative and optional referendum.
All rights reserved
Copyright © 2013 Howard Samuels Center