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Election of the President of Pakistan


Opening Remarks

The constitution of 1973 is partly parliamentary and partly presidential in nature. The president of Pakistan runs the business of the state through the Prime Minister. President represent the unity of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.

Relevant provisions

Article 41,43,44,47.

The office of president of Pakistan under the constitution of 1973

According to the constitution of Pakistan 1973 president is the constitutional head of the state. He is merely constitutional head because responsibility for the administration rests with the Prime Minister.

Qualifications for the election of the office

Muslim

The candidate for presidency must be a muslim.

45 years of age

He must not be less than 45 years of age.

Should not hold any office of profit

He should not hold any office of profit in service of Pakistan.

Qualified to be elected as Member of National Assembly

He must be a person who is otherwise qualified to be elected as a member of National Assembly.

Mentally fit

He should be fit mentally and physically.

Mode of election

A president is elected by the members of bothe houses of Parliament and members of all provincial assemblies.

Re election

A person holding offices as president shall be eligible for re election of the president.

Procedure for the election for president

The president of Pakistan is elected in joint session of parliament. He is elected indirectly. Now the provincial assemblies have also been included in the election process of the president.

Nominations of Candidate

On the fixed day any member of any house shall nominate a candidate and will inform the nomination. The nominations papers will be signed by propose. The candidate's willingness certificate will also be field. After examination of the nomination papers Chief Election Commissioner will announce the name of the candidate.

Voting in parliament

The Speaker will summons the joint sitting of parliament's two houses on the requisition of Election commissioner. The Election will be held under secret ballot. All members will be given ballot papers and their names will be entered into counter full of the ballot book. The members will cast their votes by putting mark on the ballet papers.

Counting of votes

After the polls the votes in favour of different candidates by the parliament will be counted and the votes polled in provincial Assemblies in favour of each candidate shall also be added to them. The votes in Provincial Assemblies shall be multiplied separately by the number of seat of smallest assembly and than divided by the number of seats of concerned assembly. The result of each candidate is announced on the basis of simple majority be adding the votes in senate and provincial assemblies. The candidate who secured the majority is declared successful.

Oath for the office of president

Before entering into the office the candidate shall take oath for the office of president before Chief Justice of Pakistan.

Tenure

The tenure of the president is five years from the day he enters upon his office.

Resign of president